U.S. Citizenship 23: African-American History Part 2
Category: U.S. Citizenship
February is African-American History Month. For more information, see http://www.africanamericanhistorymonth.gov/ For a list of the USCIS 100 History and Civics Questions, see http://goo.gl/lbeoGB The Civil Rights Movement fought for civil rights. They tried to use peaceful (non-violent) methods to end racial discrimination and segregation. The Little Rock 9 were the first African-Americans to go to an all-white school in Little Rock, AK. They encountered racial discrimination, but helped to desegregate schools. They fought for the civil right to go to good schools. They fought for equality in education. Rosa Parks refused to move from the WHITE (front) section to the BLACK (back) of the bus. Her actions led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. African-Americans refused to ride segregated buses. They fought for the civil right to use public transportation. They fought for equality in public facilities. African-American college students sat at lunch counters (restaurants inside department stores). They refused to leave until they were served. They fought for the civil right to be treated with respect. They fought for equality as customers. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the March to Selma. Although they were attacked, they refused to give up their First Amendment rights peacefully. They assembled and petitioned the government for their civil rights. Their bravery led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act. They fought for equality as citizens. Malcolm X advocated self-reliance. His autobiography talks about his change from a criminal to a man of peace. His story inspires people to change and work for the community. They fight for equality as neighbors. USCIS 100:84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination? USCIS 100:85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?